来源：http://www.lwzhongtebao.com/ 点击次数： 发布时间：2018-03-29
1. once a fire is found, call the police immediately
At the same time, in the use of fire extinguishing equipment at the same time, to quickly dial "119" alarm. Usually, the alarm and fire rescue should be carried out at the same time after the fire. Because the fire is about a minute early count every minute and second, fire alarm, car one minute early, will be able to extinguish the fire in early stage; the delay time, a small fire can become the fire, small disaster could become a disaster.
而且， 火灾的发展常常是难以预料的，有 时似乎火势不大，认为自己能够扑 救，但是往往由于各种因素，火势突然扩大，此时才向消防队报警， 就会使灭火工作处于被动状态。火 灾损失的大小与报警迟早有着很大 的关系。因此，起火单位或居民住 户不能只顾救火，忘了报警或是灭不了火才报警，而应牢记报警与救火同时进行。
Moreover, the development of fire is often difficult to predict. Sometimes it seems that the fire is not big enough. It is thought that we can fight, but because of all kinds of factors, the fire suddenly expands. At this time, we will report to the fire brigade, which will make the fire fighting work in a passive state. There is a great relationship between the size of the fire loss and the early warning of the fire. Therefore, fire units or residents can not only take care of fire, forget to alarm or to extinguish the fire to alarm, but should keep in mind the alarm and fire at the same time.
当发生火灾，现场只有一个人时怎么办？这时，应该一边呼救，一边 进行处理。如果你有能力，有把握将初起火灾扑灭，而且灭火器就地可取，并懂得使用，那就应该立即把火扑灭；如果认为无能力扑灭这次火 灾，就应该赶快报警，并在报警的路上边喊边跑，以便取得群众的帮助。
What do you do when there is only one person on the scene when there is a fire? At this time, we should call for help and deal with it. If you have the ability, confident at the beginning of the fire, and the fire extinguisher on the spot and desirable, know how to use, it should put out the fire immediately; if deemed unable to extinguish the fire, you should hurry up in alarm alarm, and shouted on the way to run, so as to get the help of the masses.
2. first to control the spread of the fire, and then to extinguish the fire
对一时难以扑灭的火灾，首先要想方设法控制住火势，不使之蔓延扩 大。特别在火势较大，而灭火力量较弱的情况下，应把主要力量放在控制火势发展和防止爆炸、泄漏等危险情况发生上。这样先控制后扑灭两者紧 密结合，会收到更好的效果。
For a fire that is difficult to extinguish for a moment, we must first try to control the fire and not expand the spread of the fire. Especially when the fire is bigger and the fire extinguishing force is weaker, the main force should be placed in controlling the development of fire and preventing dangerous situations such as explosion and leakage. In this way, the close combination of both control and extinguishing will get better results.
3. rescue first, fire extinguishing second
When someone is found to be trapped in a fire field, the first thing to do is to make every effort to save the people trapped in the fire. If the fire extinguishing force is strong, it can also save people from the fire.
4. first focus, then general
即灭火过程中，应当将重点放在重点单位、重点部位和重点区域。而 从火场具体情况来说，救人重于抢救物资，抢救贵重物资又重于抢救一般物资，控制火势重于扑灭火灾，容易发生爆炸、泄漏、倒塌的部位，应当 列为重点。
In the process of fire extinguishing, emphasis should be placed on key units, key parts and key areas. From the specific circumstances of the fire, rescuing people is more important than salvaging materials, saving valuable materials and rescuing general materials, and controlling fire is more important than extinguishing fires, and prone to explosions, leaks and collapses.
5. correct selection of fire extinguishing agent and fire extinguishing method
It is very important to decide what extinguishing agents and fire extinguishing methods to extinguish fire according to the types of fire and combustible substances, which is very important for extinguishing fire effectively.